In Time Transactions Credit is given either in goods or in money. By the former mode goods are supplied to a purchaser, for which the payment is deferred for some fixed period, or indefinitely, and the person who supplies them idemnifies himself for the delay by an increased price. By the latter mode, money is advanced, upon security or otherwise, and interest is charged upon the loan. Both these modes are used, in conjunction with each other, in the large transactions of commerce. A manufacturer, for example, sells to a merchant, for exportation, goods to the value of a thousand dollars. The merchant however is unable to pay for them until he has received remittances from abroad; and the manufacturer, aware of his solvency, is contented to receive in payment a bill of exchange due at some future period. But in the meantime he is himself in need of money to carry on his business, and instead of waiting for the payment of the bill when it shall become due, he gets it discounted by a banker or other capitalist. Thus, having given to one person credit in goods, he obtains credit from another in money.
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